Medecins Sans Frontiers：Doctors without borders
In 1971 there was a war in a part of Nigeria called Biafra, in western Africa. People were dying, children were hungry and there was a lot of disease. There were thousands of people who needed medical help-but there were no doctors or nurses to help them. Some doctors from France went to work there as volunteers, and some of them decided to start an organisation to help disaster victims all over the world. That was when Medecins Sans Frontieres(MSF) was born.
Since it started, Medecins Sans Frontieres has helped people all over the world. The disaster might be war or an earthquake or a tsunami or a famine-anything that means people need medical help.
The organisation's headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland. It is non-political-which means that no government controls it. About 90% of the money that MSF needs comes from individual donations; the rest comes from governments and businesses. MSF helps everyone, it doesn't matter what their race, religion or politics are.
MSF has about 3,000 volunteer doctors in nearly 60 different countries. These volunteers do many different things: some, of course, care for people who are sick or injured, and others train local doctors and nurses in their own countries. MSF also sends engineers to poor countries to help people to do things like making wells, so they can have clean water.
It is often dangerous work for the volunteers. They are sometimes attacked, or kidnapped, or killed. For example, five MSF volunteers were killed in Afghanistan in 2004.
In 1999, Medecins Sans Frontieres won the Nobel Peace Prize. This was in recognition of the work that MSF has done, and of the courage of the men and women who work for the organisation.
来源：MSE指定教材 English In Mind (student's book 2)